Academic Dishonesty and Plagiarism
As an academic community, Landmark strives to instill and foster intellectual honesty and integrity. Effective evaluation of student work can occur only in an environment in which intellectual honesty is respected. Academic dishonesty is a clear violation of academic integrity and academic responsibility. Academic dishonesty includes but is not limited to inappropriate giving or receiving of aid during tests, and plagiarism.
To plagiarize is to give the impression that a thought or a piece of writing is original, when, in fact, it is borrowed from another without providing a reference.
Each student is responsible for ensuring that his or her work does not involve plagiarism. Ignorance of plagiarism, or of Landmark rules, is not a mitigating circumstance. Students with questions about plagiarism should consult the professor of the course for whom they are preparing work.
The minimum penalty for plagiarism is no credit (recorded as a zero for the purpose of determining the student’s course grade) for the unit of work in which plagiarism occurs unless the professor deems the specific nature of the infraction allows for a revised submission of the assignment for credit.
The maximum penalty for first offense plagiarism is a failing grade for the course in which the plagiarism occurs. In cases of repeated offense, suspension or expulsion from Landmark may be imposed at the discretion of the Academic Dean’s office and the President. No opportunity may be granted to make up or otherwise fulfill the requirements of the unit of work involved. A student suspended from Landmark may not transfer to Landmark any course credits earned at other institutions during the period of suspension.
Professors are expected to report any suspected cases of academic dishonesty and plagiarism to the Academic Dean’s office.
Procedures if a suspected infraction occurs:
- Professor meets with student within 5 days.
- Professor determines infraction occurred.
- Depending on circumstances (as assessed by faculty member) the penalty imposed could be (a), (b) or (c)
- resubmission of assignment complying with accepted conditions;
- failure of assignment;
- failure of the course.
- All infractions are reported to the Department Chair, Student Advisor, and the Academic Dean’s office.
- All documented cases of plagiarism will be kept on file in the student’s registrar’s file.
Constructive engagement with the academic curriculum is a fundamental assumption of participation in higher education. For continued enrollment at Landmark College, students are expected to be engaged productively and consistently in the academic program.
Patterns of academic engagement each semester include:
- Attending classes consistently and regularly to meet course expectations
- Completing assignments in all courses
- Maintaining passing grades in a majority of courses
- Use of campus resources provided by the College to support and enhance academic performance
Students who fail to meet minimum standards of academic engagement will be required to participate in any academic intervention meetings deemed necessary by the college and follow through on any designated action plans/learning contracts.
Students who fail to demonstrate minimum standards of academic engagement, fail to respond to intervention for an extended period (such as the majority of a regular semester), and fail to meet the conditions of their action plans/learning contracts within a reasonable period of time, as determined by the Academic Dean, will be liable for involuntary withdrawal from the College.
Any student involuntarily withdrawn under the Academic Engagement Policy has the right to appeal directly to the President of the College. Students who are involuntarily withdrawn under this policy may be eligible to reapply to the College, depending on the conditions specified in their exit paperwork.
Academic minors are available as an option for students earning a B.A. at Landmark College. The declaration of a minor is not a requirement to earn a B.A. All proposed minors receive approval through the same procedure used for proposed courses; specifically, a department chair proposes a minor to the curriculum committee for its approval and the curriculum committee then recommends a minor to the Academic Dean for final approval in consultation with the President.
An academic minor within the Liberal Studies major provides a student with an opportunity to focus his/her studies on an area of particular interest, ideally in a discipline that complements the curriculum of the student’s major. Engaging in the study of a discipline through a minor promotes connections to multiple departments, as well as to a subject or area that a student may choose to pursue beyond the attainment of their B.A. degree, either academically or through a career. A completed minor is noted on a student’s B.A. degree transcript and serves as further demonstration of a student’s intellectual persistence and dedication to a particular academic discipline.
Description of Academic Minors:
A minor constitutes the successful completion of 18-21 credits that are defined by academic departments. Each minor includes a majority of its required courses at the 2000/3000 level, with a foundational course or courses at the 1000 level and a culminating course or courses at the 4000 level. Six credits from transferred courses can apply towards a minor. A grade of C or higher must be earned for each course that is counted for a student’s minor.
The sequence of courses within each minor reflects a logical approach to the curriculum and current practices in higher education. A minor includes at least one to three required courses that are offered regularly and predictably along with multiple elective options. Sufficient electives are available to allow for student flexibility of choice. The sequence or spread of courses in a minor may vary over time. The existence of a minor does not require departments/programs to run courses that do not enroll consistently; departments/programs may substitute courses, in consultation with the Academic Dean, resulting in minor changes in requirements for academic minors.
Department Chairs and the Curriculum Committee ensure that newly proposed minors are distinct from existing minors. On a three year assessment cycle, the Academic Dean, in consultation with the Curriculum Committee, ensures that the current offering of minors remains viable.
Students can apply up to 6 credits that count as requirements for a major program toward a minor. Students can apply up to 3 credits toward 2 different minors. Any elective for the BA program can be used toward a minor.
These policy statements outline the steps leading to Academic Probation that may result in suspension from the College. The policy applies to students who attempt nine or more credits in a given semester, or who have attempted 15 cumulative credits over the course of their tenure at Landmark College.
- If a student’s cumulative GPA at the end of a semester falls below 2.0 (or below 1.8 for a student completing the first semester), the student will begin the next semester on Academic Warning.
- If the student’s cumulative GPA remains below 2.0 at the end of the next consecutive semester, the student will begin the next semester on Academic Probation.
- If the student’s cumulative GPA remains below 2.0 at the end of the next consecutive semester, the student will be suspended from the College for one year.
A semester is defined as the Fall or Spring term. Summer credit courses and study abroad do not constitute semesters, although grades earned during these programs are factored into the cumulative GPA.
A student placed on suspension can appeal the ruling in writing to the Academic Dean and the Vice President of Academic Affairs within one calendar week of notification of suspension. The appeal should consist of a letter of intention, outlining why the student’s appeal should be considered, and an academic plan for success that the student intends to abide by if the appeal is granted.
Students who enter the College at the partial-credit level are expected to earn passing grades of C- or better in EN and FY within two attempts. Students who are unable to earn the minimum C- grade at the end of the second term of partial credit may be asked to leave the College and must petition the Director of First-Year Programming and Placement to continue enrollment at the College for a third term. If students return for a third semester they are expected to earn passing grades of C- in the majority of their courses. If students are unable to earn passing grades of C- or better in the majority of their courses, they will not be able to return to the College.
The following categories represent the Landmark College policy regarding Academic Standing definitions:
- Dean’s List: Four or more full-time courses with no grade lower than “B” and no withdrawals in a given semester.
- Good Standing: Maintaining a cumulative GPA of 2.0 or better.
- Academic Warning: Falling below a cumulative GPA of 2.0, or below a GPA of 1.8 if a first semester student.
- Academic Probation: Failure to remain in good standing as the result of a cumulative GPA that falls below 2.0 for two consecutive semesters.
- Suspension: If the student’s cumulative GPA remains below 2.0 at the end of the third consecutive semester, the student will be suspended from the College for one year. Decisions to suspend or continue on probation will be made at the discretion of the Vice President for Academic Affairs, following a recommendation by the Academic Dean, after consultation with the student’s professors and advisor.
Adding and Dropping Courses
It is the policy of Landmark College to permit students to drop courses without record prior to the end of the fourth instructional week of the semester.
In addition, students may add courses during the first week of the semester. Students are responsible for completing the work already in progress in courses added during this period. The Registrar will supply dates for adding and dropping at the start of each semester.
To add or drop a course at the beginning of a semester, the student must have his or her advisor approve schedule changes. In cases when students are requesting waivers for prerequisites in order to add the course, the appropriate department chair must also give approval.
Student absences from classes may occur for a variety of reasons and may have a negative influence on a student’s academic performance. Data shows that Landmark students who earned all Bs or better over the course of several years averaged less than three absences per course, while students who ended their years on academic probation accumulated an average of eight absences per course.
Student absences not only affect their individual performance, they affect the dynamics and learning environment of the entire class. For these reasons, students are expected to attend all classes. In order to give faculty a tool for managing their courses that optimizes the learning environment for all students and to give students clear feedback that attending classes in an expectation of the college, the following policy exists:
Students may be administratively withdrawn from a course at the discretion of their professor under the guidelines that follow. Administrative Withdrawals are considered only after other efforts to promote student success have failed.
Guidelines for Initiating an Administrative Withdrawal
- The student has missed an equivalent of two weeks of the course, and
- The student has missed too many scheduled opportunities to meet the course learning objectives, such as assignment completion, or office hour appointments, and
- The student is disengaged.
Procedures regarding administrative withdrawal may be found on the back of the Administrative Withdrawal Form, available online at: https://sharknet.landmark.edu/departments/aa/Registrar/Forms/Forms/AllItems.aspx
Administrative withdrawals can only begin at the start of the official withdrawal period, usually at week 5 of the semester.
Before initiating an Administrative Withdrawal a professor must:
- Document the student’s attendance and grades in the ISIS system in a timely manner for the student and the student’s advisor.
- Attempt to meet with the student and the advisor to provide guidance and support.
- Issue no fewer than three academic warning notices in the ISIS system to document the accumulation of absences and the related academic performance difficulties that could justify an administrative withdrawal. Student will have at least 2 academic days from issuance of the third warning to respond to the professor.
- Issue an ISIS comment stating that an administrative withdrawal has been initiated.
Professors can download administrative withdrawal forms.
Once administrative withdrawal is initiated, the department chair must approve administrative withdrawals for them to be processed by the Registrar. The department chair also manages the appeal process in coordination with the professor, the student and the Registrar. Department chairs teaching their own courses should submit administrative withdrawal form to the Dean of School for approval.
The Registrar communicates with the student, the student’s parents, the professor, the advisor, and the department chair setting the timeline for finalized withdrawals and the appeal process.
Administrative Withdrawal: Appealing
Any student administratively withdrawn from a course has the right to make an appeal. The following guidelines govern the appeal process:
- The student submits a written appeal that includes an action plan that outlines specific steps to re-engage in the course. This appeal must be submitted within five (5) working days of notification from the Registrar and submitted to the department chair and the professor.
- The student must attend class during the appeal process.
The department chair, in consultation with the professor, will make the final decision on the appeal based on:
- A review of the student’s overall participation and performance in the course and the student’s written appeal which includes an action plan.
- A review of the professor’s required documentation.
- The department chair communicates the student’s status with the Registrar and the professor during the 5-day appeal period.
- The Registrar communicates with student, the student’s parents, the professor, the advisor and the department chair in the appeal process.
Administrative Withdrawals: Multiple
In some cases, students are administratively withdrawn from multiple courses during the semester. In these cases, any student enrolled in only two courses will be reviewed by the Academic Intervention Team unless the student’s initial plan included course load reduction. Students who begin a semester with four or five academic courses, and reduce their course load to two or fewer will initiate the Academic Intervention Team’s review. This team will present a recommendation to the Academic Dean regarding continued enrollment for the student.
Appeal of Final Grades for Individual Courses
A student may appeal a final grade in a course under the following specific conditions:
- The student may submit an appeal based on the claim that the professor of the course failed to adhere to the stated grading policy of the course as the policy appears in the course syllabus.
- The student may submit an appeal based on a claim that the professor of the course was discriminatory in failing to apply documented criteria for grading that appears in the course syllabus when determining the student’s final grade.
Any student wishing to appeal a final grade should first discuss the grade with his or her professor. If the student is unable to resolve the grievance over a final course grade through consultation with the professor, a written request for review of the course grade should be submitted to the chair of the department or the director of the program in which the course was taught.
Written requests for review of a final course grade by a department chair or program director must be submitted no later than the end of the fifth week of the next regular, academic semester.
If the grievance over a final course grade cannot be resolved through the meeting with the department chair or program director, the student may submit a final appeal in writing to the Academic Dean.
The written request to the Academic Dean must be submitted within two weeks of the final meeting with the department chair or program director, or by mid-semester.
The decision on the appeal of a final course grade by the Academic Dean is final and cannot be appealed.
It is the policy of Landmark College to require attendance in all classes, to ensure intensive and consistent instruction. In addition, because classes are small, the absence of one or more students may affect the learning of the entire class. Students who miss classes may be subject to academic disciplinary action as described in the Administrative Withdrawal Policy and the Student Handbook. Students are reminded to check course syllabi for professor’s grading policies with regard to attendance.
It is the policy of Landmark College to permit students to audit courses offered at the College.
- Priority for enrollment is given to those students who are not auditing the course.
- A student may elect to change a course he or she is auditing to regular enrollment during the add period of the semester only.
- A student may elect to change a course is which he or she is enrolled to an audit during the drop period of the semester only.
- To select or deselect the Audit Option, an Audit form must be completed and approved by the student’s advisor, the course professor, and the appropriate department chair.
A record of the audit appears on the student’s transcript, but no credit can be earned for the course, and no letter grade can be earned or factored into the student’s GPA.
Credit may be granted only to offerings that are degree appropriate, demonstrate sufficient
course instruction, and include student learning outcomes that can be assessed and
documented. Credit is not awarded to learning experiences that are considered activities.
Any course bearing credit has standard expectations. These include:
- A syllabus that includes credit level course objectives
- A Grading Policy that details the nature and weight of assessments
- A Regular class meeting time
- Professor use of college systems used for communicating and documenting progress or concerns
Class Cancellation Policy
Official notice of class cancellations and faculty absences is posted each day during the academic year on Sharknet and also the door of the College’s Business Office. Please use this link to access information about cancellations and faculty absences: https://sharknet.landmark.edu/departments/aa/Lists/Faculty%20Absences/Todays%20Absences.aspx
Classroom Recording Policy
Federal laws, including the 1973 Rehabilitation Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act, require institutions of higher education to provide reasonable accommodations for students with disabilities. Permission to make recordings of lectures and class discussions is a reasonable accommodation for many students with language-based learning disabilities, attention disorders, communication disorders, and significant difficulties with executive functions.
For the purposes of private academic study and review, Landmark College students may record class lectures and discussions using analog or digital technology, including audio, video, still photos, and other forms of capture technology as they become available.
Classroom faculty may record their own class lectures and discussions to serve various purposes at the discretion of the faculty member. These purposes include academic research (with Institutional Review Board approval), professional development, and digitization of course content for access through course websites and other formats.
All course materials (lectures, discussions, handouts, examinations, web materials) and the general, intellectual contents of each course at Landmark College are protected under federal copyright laws. The content of any recording of a lecture or class discussion is protected under federal copyright law and may not be published, quoted, or shared without the consent of the faculty member.
The College’s Policy on Academic Freedom will prevail in all applications of the Recording policy. Classroom recordings created under the policy cannot be used by students for purposes other than as a tool to support personal study and review of course material for test preparation and similar, academic uses related to the course.
Students are required to inform faculty before recording class lectures and discussions for such personal, academic study, and review. Faculty members are required to inform students when recording class lectures and activities that include student participation. If a faculty member records classes to support research activities, the faculty member must obtain informed consent from students before incorporating student-generated data in the research. (Faculty members and others wishing to conduct classroom-based research are required to adhere to protocols, set by the College’s Institutional Review Board, that govern such research.)
Students and professors making classroom recordings are responsible for keeping sensitive and personal materials private. Students and professors may not publish, quote, or share classroom recordings in publicly accessible locations, and in real or digital (e.g., networked or online) environments, without the expressed consent of the individuals being recorded or affected by the recordings. Any violation of these requirements will be viewed by the College as a serious violation of the College’s rules, and will result in College discipline and other remedies as appropriate. Students who wish to make recordings in class will be required to sign an acknowledgment that they understand and will comply with these requirements.
In cases for which students may be absent from classes, professors should not be expected to provide students with a recording of the class meeting.
The syllabus for each course at the College must include a statement that students are allowed to record in the classroom for study and review. Course syllabi should also state that any student concerned about the creation of classroom recordings should speak with the professor about the concerns at the outset of the course.
It is the intent of Landmark College that all members of the College community adhere to the provisions of the United States Copyright Law (Title 17, United States Code, Sect. 101, et seq). Members of the College community who willfully disregard the copyright policy do so at their own risk and assume all liability.
For the Landmark College policy on the copyrightable works created by the College’s faculty and staff while engaged in College-associated activities, please visit the Landmark College Copyright Policy in the Employee Handbook: https://sharknet.landmark.edu/departments/hr/Pages/Handbooks-Page.aspx.
Landmark College maintains an institutional license with the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) for copyright permissions from thousands of publishers. The College expects faculty and staff to obtain permission for the distribution of copyright-protected materials via the CCC’s easy-to-use interface.
Digital Millennium Copyright Act Agent
In accordance with the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA), Pub. L. 105-304, Landmark College has designated a DMCA agent to receive notification of alleged copyright infringement occurring in the landmark.edu domain. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org to report any concerns.
The Landmark College Library offers assistance with:
- using the Copyright Clearance Center’s Annual License permissions interface
- finding other options for resources not covered by the CCC license
- finding resources on copyright issues pertaining to faculty and staff
The Library staff cannot, however, offer any legal advice about copyright.
Expected number of courses for students per semester.
Students attending Landmark College are expected to enroll in four academic courses per semester at the credit or non-credit level. Students may enroll in five academic courses, but they are encouraged to consult with their advisors if they are considering this option.
In alignment with federal regulations, Landmark College assigns credit hours to courses according to what is considered a minimum and reasonable amount of academic time that students need in order to prepare for and achieve intended learning outcomes.
At Landmark, each credit hour of instruction consists of one hour and fifteen minutes of classroom time. In addition to class attendance, students are expected to complete at least two additional weekly hours of academic activity outside of class for each credit hour of instruction. (For example, for a 3-credit course, students are expected each week to attend class for 3 hours and 45 minutes and to complete approximately 6 hours of additional class-related work.)
This standard also applies to courses that are offered via distance delivery systems (online and hybrid). These courses are designed in collaboration with content experts who are able to assure that student demands are equivalent to those required in face-to-face courses.
Internships and study abroad experiences offer academic credit that is applicable to a program of study. These endeavors are approved, supervised, and evaluated by faculty who are charged with maintaining the academic integrity of the experience, developing learning objectives, and measuring outcomes. Time on academic task requirements are at least the same for these courses as they would be for more traditional academic experiences.
Declaration of Degree Policy
- All students will file a Declaration of Degree.
- To declare the Bachelor of Arts in Liberal Studies, students must earn at least a “C” in three Landmark College classes, each in a different discipline. An overall GPA of 2.0 or higher is also required.
- To declare the Bachelor of Arts in Studio Art degree, students must earn at least a “C” in three Landmark College classes, each in a different discipline. An overall GPA of 2.0 or higher is also required.
- To declare the Bachelor of Science in Computer Science degree, students must have achieved a math placement level of 6 or higher and have earned 3 to 6 credits in the CS or MA disciplines, with an average overall GPA of 2.00 or higher.
- To declare the Associate of Arts degree in Liberal Studies, students must have a GPA of 2.0 or higher and have completed nine Landmark college credits or 15 transfer credits.
- To declare the Associate of Arts degree in Business Studies, students must have achieved a math placement level of 3 or higher and have successfully completed BU1011 - Introduction to Business and BU1111 - Principles of Accounting I , with an average overall GPA of 2.0 or higher.
- To declare the Associate of Science degree in Computer Science, students must have achieved a math placement level of 6 or higher and have earned three to six credits in the CS or MA disciplines, with an average overall GPA of 2.0 or higher.
- To declare the Associate of Science degree in Life Sciences, the student must have achieved a math placement level of 5 or higher and have earned four credits in the NS discipline, with an average overall GPA of 2.0 or higher.
- Approval of the B.A. Liberal Studies coordinator is required for all declarations of degree for the Bachelor of Arts in Liberal Studies.
- Approval from the Associate Academic Dean is required for all declarations of degree for Associate of Arts in Liberal Studies.
- Approval of the appropriate Department Chair is required for all declarations of the Art, Business, Computer Science and Life Sciences degrees.
- Students overdue in declaring their degree may be placed on Registrar’s hold, preventing them from participating in course registration. (A student is overdue if more than one semester has passed since he or she has earned the minimum of nine Landmark credits.)
- In cases where students have not declared a degree after earning 15 Landmark College credits, the degree choice will default to A.A. in Liberal Studies. After 35 credits it will default to B.A. in Liberal Studies.
- To change their degree, students will file a new Declaration of Degree form, approved by the appropriate office, and will complete the appropriate course requirements for the new degree.
The following are the standard procedures for students in using the Declaration of Degree form:
- Students will work with advisors to fill out the appropriate Declaration of Degree form.
- The approved Declaration of Degree form will be submitted to the Registrar’s office.
- The Registrar’s Office will record the students’ degree choice, which will then appear on their transcripts, schedules, and in the Power Campus database for tracking purposes.
- Students will follow the degree requirements they have declared and use the appropriate Graduation Plan worksheet.
The Declaration of Degree forms are available at the following link: https://sharknet.landmark.edu/departments/aa/Registrar/Forms/Forms/AllItems.aspx
Graduation Plan worksheets are available at this link: https://sharknet.landmark.edu/departments/aa/Registrar/Graduation%20Requirements/Forms/AllItems.aspx
Degrees with Honors
The designation cum laude (with honors) on the Landmark College diploma is a recognized mark of superior academic accomplishment. Students who show particular distinction in scholarship at Landmark College will be recognized by graduating with one of three degrees of honors: Summa Cum Laude, Magna Cum Laude, or Cum Laude.
Summa Cum Laude 3.8 - 4.0 GPA
Magna Cum Laude 3.5 - 3.79 GPA
Cum Laude 3.2 - 3.49 GPA
Extensions beyond the end of the semester are granted only in cases for which the student has a documented illness or is unable to complete the course due to documented circumstances beyond the control of the student. In such cases, an extension will be granted only if the student has completed a substantial proportion of the coursework for the class in which the extension is requested. The deadline for late work to be submitted can be no later than 30 days past the date that final grades are due to the Registrar. The professor of the course, the department chair, and the dean of the school must approve the extension before it is submitted to the Registrar’s Office, necessitating that the extension form be submitted to the dean by the date that the final grades are due to the Registrar. Landmark College does not provide a grade of IN or incomplete.
FERPA: Access to Records: Notification of Rights
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (“FERPA”) affords students certain rights with respect to their education records. For the full text of this notifications, please see the Student Handbook. Neither this summary nor the full notification of students’ rights under FERPA published in the Student Handbook is intended to create contractual or other rights or remedies beyond any created by FERPA itself.
Student rights under FERPA include:
1. The right to inspect and review the student’s education records within 45 days of the day the College receives a request for access.
2. The right to request the amendment of an education record that the student believes is inaccurate.
3. The right to consent to disclosures of personally identifiable information contained in the student’s education records, except to the extent that FERPA authorizes disclosure without consent.
4. The right to file a complaint with the U.S. Department of Education concerning alleged failures by the College to comply with the requirements of FERPA.
FERPA: Psycho-Educational Evaluations and Related Medical Records Procedures
Landmark College accepts the Association on Higher Education and Disability’s (AHEAD) interpretation of the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (FERPA) regarding disability-related information. Specifically, disability-related information “should be treated as medical information and handled under the same strict rules of confidentiality as is other medical information. This includes the comprehensive documentation from an appropriate source that persons with disabilities are often required to provide to establish the existence of their disability and their need for accommodation or consideration” (emphasis added).1
AHEAD further maintains that: “In the U.S., the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (FERPA), also known as the Buckley Amendment, provides students with access to their own educational records…Treatment records of a physician, psychiatrist, psychologist, or other recognized professional are exempt from disclosure under FERPA” (emphasis added).
The medical records, including psycho-educational evaluations and related information, are therefore not part of the educational record of the student, and may not be disclosed. As detailed in 34 CFR Part 99, Subpart A, the term “education records” does not include “Records on a student who is 18 years of age or older, or is attending an institution of postsecondary education, that are…Made or maintained by a physician, psychiatrist, psychologist, or other recognized professional or paraprofessional acting in his or her professional capacity or assisting in a paraprofessional capacity.”2
In accordance with federal law, Landmark College will not transfer, release, disclose, or otherwise offer for inspection for any purpose those records that are exempt from disclosure under FERPA, specifically including psycho-educational and related records.
From the Association on Higher Education and Disability’s pamphlet “Confidentiality and Disability Issues in Higher Education” (2001).
For full information on FERPA, go to www.ed.gov/policy/gen/reg/ferpa/index.html
Letter-graded, credit-bearing courses in which the student earns a grade of C- or lower may be retaken once for forgiveness.
Courses to be forgiven must be taken at Landmark. As per our transfer credit policy, we do not transfer grades from other colleges.
Credits will be earned only once for courses which are repeated and forgiven.
Upon completion of the second attempt in the course, the higher of the two grades for the course will be recorded and factored into the student’s GPA. The original attempt (course title, code and grade) will remain on the student’s transcript, the grade forgiven in brackets.
Upon a successful repeat, original notations of the student’s academic status based on the earlier GPA calculation (academic warning or academic probation) will not be changed and will remain on the student’s transcript.
A student who earns a grade of IP, W, or WP in a course, and takes the course again is not considered to be using the forgiveness policy. If the student earns a C- or lower in a course on the second attempt for which he or she has had an IP, W or WP on the first attempt, the student can take the course a third time using the forgiveness policy. A record of all three attempts will appear on the transcript, however, the highest grade earned in the class is the grade which will be used to figure the student’s GPA.
A student’s grade point average is calculated based on two values. The first is the total credit hours the student has taken, and the second is the total quality points the student has earned. When a GPA calculation extends beyond two decimal places it is truncated (a GPA calculation of 1.456 would be evaluated as 1.45.) The total credit hours a student has taken is equal to the sum of the credit hours assigned to each course she has successfully completed. It is the policy of Landmark College that the following shall constitute its Grading System:
||Definition (credit courses only)
||Excellent; distinguished achievement in all phases of the course
||Very good; high level of achievement in some phases of the course
||Fair; basic understanding of subject has been demonstrated
||Poor; minimal performance
||Audited a course
||Extension - Issued by professor with prior approval of the Academic Dean to indicate that the student is continuing to work on course requirements for an extra semester without penalty in final grade
||In Progress - Issued by an professor for IP-eligible courses when a student has earned a grade or D+ or below
||Low Pass - Issued by the registrar in a P/LP/F selected option course. See Pass/Low Pass /Fail policy for details.
||No credit - Issued by the professor in a Credit/No Credit grading option course
||Satisfactory - Issued by the professor for the noncredit courses in the Visiting Student Summer session
||Unsatisfactory - Issued by the professor for the noncredit courses in the Visiting Student Summer Session.
||Withdrawn from course (student’s progress not specified at time of withdrawal; a WF is included in the student’s GPA in the same way that an F is included)
||Withdrawn from course (passing)
||Withdrawn from course (failing)
AU, IP, P, LP, CR, NC, S, TR, U, W, or WP - no quality points earned; not counted in GPA credits
Grading: Credit/No Credit
Credit Courses that are never graded with a letter will be graded as Credit or No Credit, with a CR or an NC appearing on transcripts. A CR grade is awarded when a student has done D- or better work in a course.
Grading: In Progress (IP) Grade
For EN 0911 , EN 1011 , FY 1001 , FY 1011 , MA 0291 , MA 0392 , and MA 1501 , the policy of Landmark College is to permit entry of an IP (In Progress) grade by the professor, when a student has not demonstrated an acceptable level of proficiency in meeting the course outcomes by earning a grade of D+ or below.
The grade of IP may not be applied to other courses.
An IP will appear and remain on the student’s transcript, instead of a letter grade, but will not be factored into the GPA. No credits will be awarded for an IP grade. The student receiving the IP must repeat the course at the same level in the following semester.
At the noncredit level, the student will take the usual second-semester, noncredit class. At the 1000 level, the student will repeat the same course. Advisors should consult with department chairs to choose the most appropriate placement for students prior to registration.
At the end of the second attempt at a class, a letter grade will be entered on the student’s transcript and factored into the GPA. If a student does not demonstrate an acceptable level of proficiency in meeting the outcomes of the second-semester course, the student will receive a letter grade of D or F and can use the forgiveness policy to repeat the course again, with the permission of the appropriate department chair.
Grading: Noncredit Courses
Noncredit Courses that are not letter graded will be graded on a Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory scale that will be reflected on the transcript as S or U.
Grading: Pass/LowPass/Fail for Credit Courses
It is the policy of Landmark College to permit students to take elective courses on a Pass/Low Pass/Fail basis. Courses that fulfill core or degree requirements cannot be taken as P/LP/F.
A “P” is recorded on a student’s transcript when he/she earns a C or above. An LP is recorded in the event that a student has earned a grade of C-, D+, D or D-. An F is recorded when a student fails the course.
Selection of Pass/LowPass/Fail can begin as early as the add period, but must be completed before the end of the drop period of the semester. Re-designating a Pass/LowPass/Fail status in a course to a letter-graded status can only be completed during the add period of the semester.
Students may not select the Pass/LowPass/Fail option during their first semester at Landmark.
To select or deselect the Pass/LowPass/Fail option, a grading status form must be completed, approved by the student’s advisor, and submitted to the Registrar.
Professors do not know of a student’s Pass/LowPass/Fail status and, therefore, submit letter grades for all students, regardless of their grading status, to the Registrar by the end of the semester. The Registrar enters a P, LP, or F onto the student’s transcript when this grading status has been chosen.
The number of courses that a student may take using the Pass/LowPass/Fail grading option is limited to one per semester, with a total of two toward an Associate Degree and four toward a Bachelor’s Degree.
A minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.0 is required for graduation from Landmark College. For requirement details, see the degree program requirements.
Graduation Walking Policy
Students who are within two (2) three-credit general education electives of completing their degree may walk in the commencement ceremony.
Any student can file a written appeal to the President at least one month in advance of a graduation ceremony, if the student feels that their circumstances might warrant additional policy flexibility.
Students are graduated in the database and issued a diploma when all credits and degree requirements are complete.
Landmark College has thee official graduation dates per year (December, May, and August), even though students may complete their last credits and requirements in January or at any earlier point in the Summer sessions; those finishing at these times officially graduate on the upcoming graduation date.
Walking at graduation is not a guarantee of earning a degree. For those students who walk at graduation prior to meeting ALL graduation requirements, no academic honors will be conferred until after the student meets ALL academic requirements.
Independent Study Policy
Independent study is defined as individual academic work in a discipline, such as reading, writing, creative arts, experimental research, or scientific study, under the direct sponsorship of a qualified faculty member.
Independent Study Policy
Qualified students may pursue independent study in an academic area related to their degree interests. An independent study can be designated at either 1 or 3 credits. Students eligible for independent study need to have a 2.5 GPA or permission of the Academic Dean and need to have completed 12 Landmark College credits. Three-credit independent study courses will be graded, and one-credit courses may have the option of being taken as pass/fail.
The maximum number of independent study credits is three per semester. The maximum number of independent study credits that can be applied to a Landmark College Associate degree is 9 (or the equivalent of three 3-credit courses). The maximum number of independent study credits that can be applied to a Landmark College Bachelor’s degree is 12 (or the equivalent of four 3-credit courses). Students requesting independent study credits beyond the maximum require the permission of the Academic Dean.
Student-initiated proposals are submitted by the student and the faculty member to the Department Chair (or designate) and Academic Dean before the beginning of the second registration period.
Independent study courses follow departmental and curriculum committee guidelines and carry departmental codes. Independent studies cannot be courses that are already offered at Landmark College, but rather the study of a particular area within a discipline that is not part of our curriculum. Students will be expected to meet with faculty one hour per week, and independent class time is commensurate with in-class courses of equivalent credits and level.
Students will complete an evaluation of the independent study.
Independent Study Procedure
- Student drafts a proposal (rationale and goals) and submits to faculty member.
- Faculty member drafts a syllabus which includes expectations and means of assessment. (Assessment could include participation by a second faculty member.)
- Proposal and syllabus are submitted to Chair for approval and copied to the Academic Dean before the beginning of the second registration period.
- Once the IS course is approved and running, this will be listed as and considered a course with similar expectations for ISIS comments, warnings, grades etc.
An academic internship is a credit bearing opportunity for students to gain experience in a career related occupational setting in order to develop professional skills outside of the traditional college/university environment. Academic internships at the 2000 level are typically exploratory in nature. Internships at the 3000/4000 level provide more in-depth learning and work experience related to a student’s career goals.
- A student will engage in 30 contact hours (time spent on-site performing the activities of an intern) for each internship credit earned.
- Internship work experiences are substantive and challenging. No more than 25% of an intern’s time will be spent doing clerical work.
- Internships are graded on a credit/no credit basis, if the internship is at the 2000-level. If the internship is at the 3000 or 4000 level, internships will be graded on a P/LP/F basis.
- In order to be eligible to participate in an internship, a student must have completed one semester at Landmark at the credit level with a GPA of 2.5 and be in good disciplinary standing. Exceptions to these criteria must be approved by the Academic Dean.
- In some instances, there will be specific course prerequisites for participating in an internship.
- Internships must include training and supervision; consequently internships are sponsored by a department and supervised by an affiliated faculty member from that department in conjunction with a work-site supervisor.
- The faculty sponsor and work-site supervisor must be different people.
- Internships may not be supervised by a member of the student’s immediate family.
- Internship proposals must be approved by the Academic Dean in cases of the AA/AS degrees and by the BA coordinator in the case of the BALST degree.
- The faculty sponsor coordinates the creation of a contract which includes learning objectives and expectations of the student, the supervisor, and the sponsor. The contract is created in collaboration with the student and the work site supervisor.
- The student maintains a work log that includes the number of hours worked and the details of the specific work tasks.
- The student is required to maintain regular communication with the faculty sponsor to monitor progress and address any problems that may arise. (The amount and manner of communication will be specified in the internship proposal.)
- Landmark will not retroactively approve credit for experiences undertaken without formal faculty sponsorship and without submitting an internship proposal.
- Internships can take place in a for-profit or non-profit setting and can either be paid or unpaid. Internships do not preclude Work Study opportunities.
- A maximum of three internship credits may be counted toward the Associate degrees and 12 towards the Bachelor’s degree.
- Internships are recorded as electives and do not fulfill core curriculum requirements for an Associate degree. A three credit internship at the 3000 or 4000 level can fulfill the BA requirement for alternative study.
Transfer and Career Services maintains a database of internship options and also provides resources and workshops for preparing resumes, cover letters, and practice for interviews. Transfer and Career Services also maintains information of regional and national internship placements as well as contacts with alumni who are interested in providing internships. A full list of completed Landmark internships along with contact information is retained and publicized by Transfer and Career Services.
- The student identifies internship options and meets with Transfer and Career Services to prepare for an interview.
- The student solicits initial agreements with faculty sponsor and on-site supervisor.
a.) In the case of a summer internship, the student will work with a designated faculty internship coordinator who will review and advise on the internship proposal and learning outcomes.
- The student submits an internship proposal to the faculty sponsor, no later than November 15 for spring internships and April 15 for fall internships. In the case of summer internships the proposal is submitted to the faculty internship coordinator by April 15.
- The faculty sponsor submits the proposal to the department chair, who passes it to the Academic Dean or BA coordinator for final approval.
a.) In the case of the summer internships, the designated faculty internship coordinator will submit the proposal directly to the Academic Dean, who will consult with the department chair and BA coordinator for final approval.
- Within one week after submission of the proposal, the department chair communicates decision on the internship to the student, faculty sponsor, and registrar.
a.) In the case of the summer internships, the Academic Dean will communicate the decision on the internship to the student, the department chair, the registrar and the office of Transfer and Career Services.
- The student, the sponsoring faculty, and the on-site supervisor sign a contract for the internship.
- The faculty sponsor submits the contract to the Registrar and oversees the student’s delivery of the contract to the on-site supervisor by the end of the drop period in the semester the internship takes place.
a.) In the case of summer internships, the contract will be managed by TCI in coordination with the credit internship coordinator, the student, and the site supervisor.
- The student undertakes the internship, submitting work logs signed by the on-site supervisor to faculty sponsor on a regular basis (to be determined in the contract).
- Internships vary in length, but do not typically extend beyond the time period of a semester or summer.
- After completion of the internship a final evaluation from the site supervisor is submitted to the faculty sponsor.
- The faculty sponsor submits a grade (CR/NC or P/LP/F) based on the evaluation from the on-site supervisor and his/her own communications with the student throughout the internship
Leave of Absence Policy
- Students who need to leave for a short period of time, such as for a death in the family, medical issues, etc., may be allowed to return to their classes if they are in good academic standing upon departure, and the leave of absence does not prohibit them from successful completion of the course goals and objectives. The leave period of time allowed by this policy is generally 1 to 2 weeks. Service members or reservists requiring a short-term deployment or service-related leave will be allowed up to three weeks of absence from the College. Leaves of Absence are granted by the Academic Dean.
- Satisfactory demonstration of the attainment and completion of class goals following such a leave will be determined by the professor, in consultation with the student and the academic advisor.
- A departure or absence from the College that spans more than one semester requires no preapproval by the College in order to maintain re-enrollment eligibility. Instead, students may be away from Landmark College for up to 4 full semesters before being required to re-apply through the formal admissions process. Re-enrollment for such students is facilitated through the Office of the Vice President for Academic Affairs.
Math Placement Requirement Policy
All Landmark College students must successfully complete at least one college-level mathematics course as part of their degree program requirements. Students are placed in an appropriate mathematics class at the time of registration by completing the required math placement instrument. Students who transfer an approved college-level mathematics course with a minimum grade of “C” will be exempt from completing the placement. Students overdue in completing the math placement may be placed on Registrar’s hold, preventing them from participating in academic registration. A student is overdue if more than one registration period has passed since he or she entered Landmark College.
Placement and First-Year Points of Entry
Upon acceptance to Landmark College, students place into one of three Points of Entry:
- Language Intensive Curriculum (LIC)
- Partial-Credit Curriculum (PC)
- Credit Curriculum (C)
The Academic Placement Team reviews relevant information from the application for admission to determine each student’s initial placement in the curriculum. Relevant materials may include educational history, achievement test results and performance on the College’s placement test. The Placement Team works to ensure that each student is placed at a level of the curriculum that is appropriate to the student’s skill level and most likely to facilitate individual academic growth.
Once placed, each student receives written notice of the placement decision. Students with questions about placement may appeal their placement decisions with the Director of First-Year Academic Programming and Placement. Refer to information on the First-Year Program for more information.
Reporting Student Grades: Grades and Final Reports
It is the policy of Landmark College to provide students at the midterm with a letter grade for each class in which they are enrolled, based on the specific course objectives. At the end of the semester, students receive a letter grade and comment for each class.
Any student enrolled in a course as of final exam week receives a final grade and final comment for the course. The final comment is entered in ISIS when the final grade is submitted to Self Service.
If a student is granted an extension, the professor of the course will submit a final comment in ISIS when submitting the final grade to Self Service.
Reporting Student Grades: Transcripts
Transcripts contain records of courses taken, grades and credit received. Course description material and other information may be requested in addition to the transcript. It is the policy of Landmark College that its official transcripts, bearing the College seal and the Registrar’s signature, may be released only upon written request of the student or alumnus/alumna.
Requests for transcripts and other records should be mailed to the attention of the Office of the Assistant Registrar and should be accompanied by a processing fee per request. Fees must be paid by cash, check, Visa, MasterCard, or Discover card before transcripts or records will be sent. Forms can be accessed using this link:
Transcripts may be withheld by order of appropriate College officials, if some financial or other obligation to Landmark College remains unmet.
Reporting Student Grades: Warnings
Notices of academic warning are sent via the Internet Student Information System (ISIS) to students who are in danger of failing a course. First warnings are reported to the student and his or her advisor. Second and subsequent warnings are reported to the Academic Dean and, in cases where the student has waived his or her FERPA rights, to the student’s parents or designee. Academic warnings are also reported to the Academic Dean.
Transfer Credit Policies
Landmark College will accept as many credits as appropriate (up to 80 credits in the B.A. or 30 credits in the A.A./A.S.). All students are required to complete at least 24 out of their final 30 credits at Landmark College.
Determination of eligible credits depends on program requirements and individual transcripts. Transfer students entering Landmark with 40 (or more) credits may be allowed to waive certain prerequisites and/or replace core courses. Students are required to get approval from the appropriate Department Chair to enroll in higher level courses without prerequisites.
Transfer credits do not affect the student’s GPA; the course and credits are transferred, but not the grade.
The following requirements must be met to receive credit:
- Credits must be from a public or private institution accredited by an authorized regional accreditation agency, such as NEASC.
- Course Grades must be at 2.0 or higher (e.g. “C”) to be transferred to Landmark.
- Courses graded on a pass/fail basis, offered on a noncredit basis, or that are equivalent to noncredit courses at Landmark will not be transferred.
- AP courses with a grade of 3 or above may be transferred to receive credit.
IB courses with a grade of 4 or above may be transferred to receive credit.
The requirements for certain programs at Landmark College are waived at the discretion of the Academic Dean or the specific department chair. These courses will be considered for transfer on a case-by-case basis.
Very often, students who have left the College before graduating decide they need to return - either for a class in the summer, a semester or to complete their degree. Re-enrollment requirements depend to some extent on the circumstances of the departure and its duration.
Re-enrollment Process for Students Away From the College
Students who have been away from the College will work through the Office of the Vice President for Student Affairs (do not contact academic advisors or any other office), and should use the following process to request re-enrollment for a future semester.
- In the time when a student who has withdrawn or has been suspended is away from Landmark College, it is expected that he or she has been constructively occupied and has maintained a satisfactory standard of conduct.
- In all cases, re-enrollment will require a personal statement, outlining why the student is requesting re-enrollment to the College and how the student has occupied his or her time while away from the campus. Students should also include the transcripts from any educational institution they attended while they were away from Landmark.
- Please note other factors that will be taken into consideration in the re-enrollment process:
- Students who left in poor academic standing may be placed on Academic Probation for a period of at least one semester.
- Students who withdrew for medical reasons or for reasons of safety must obtain a recommendation from a clinical practitioner who is qualified to assess the student’s current state of physical and/or mental health and can state that the student is ready to reengage in a residential college and the rigors of a course of academic study.
- Students who were suspended from the College must provide all documentation required in their letter of suspension from the College.
- Students who left with pending disciplinary charges will be required to address those matters with the student conduct office before re-enrollment can be completed.
While the majority of students who apply for re-enrollment do return to Landmark College, re-enrollment is not guaranteed to any applicant. The College seeks to re-enroll only those students who have demonstrated an ability to remain in good academic standing and citizenship and who are likely to persist to the completion of the degree requirements. Therefore, the College may sometimes advise an applicant to defer his or her return until a time later than the one originally proposed.
To initiate the re-enrollment process, a student should complete the online forms found at https://landmarkstudentaffairs.wufoo.com/forms/reenrollment-request. Once the form is received, the request will be reviewed by the Dean of Students and the Academic Dean. In most cases, a response will be provided within 10 days. Any further questions about re-enrollment to the College should be directed to the Dean of Students.
Satisfactory Academic Progress: Expected Completion Schedule
It is the policy of Landmark College that students enrolled in non-credit courses are expected to be enrolled in and successfully complete at least three courses each semester. Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA of 1990) mandate that reasonable accommodations be made for individuals with learning disabilities, including extending time limits for completion of academic requirements. However, students at Landmark can be expected to make satisfactory progress toward completion of the program within a specific time frame. Federal standards require that students complete their program within 150% of the standard program length. That is, students attending full time and working towards our Associate’s degree of 61 credits must complete the degree in 3 years. They may attempt as many as 92 credits in order to complete the degree in this time. Students attending Landmark College as full time students, and working towards our Bachelor’s degree must complete in six years, and can take up to 180 attempted credits to fulfill the 120 credit degree requirement.
Furthermore, it is the policy of Landmark College that students enrolled in non-credit courses are expected to be enrolled in and successfully complete at least four courses each semester in order to be considered full time students. Federal regulations state that students on financial aid may not receive aid for more than 30 credit-equivalents (where each non-credit class is worth 3 credit-equivalents) attempted or completed of remedial credits. Full time students must progress through any given level of the non-credit curriculum within two semesters and a summer term, and be enrolled in a credit course load after one year. Students who require an additional semester at the non-credit level may appeal to the Academic Dean for a waiver. The maximum time a student may spend in non-credit courses is two years, however, students needing financial aid will not be eligible for a continuation of aid if they remain in non-credit courses over one year and one summer term. Students enrolled full-time in credit courses are expected to be enrolled in, and successfully complete, at least four courses (or twelve credit hours) each semester, and to complete all of the requirements for the Associate Degree within three years (six semesters and one summer term).
Students who may be making progress but who are unable to complete the program requirements within the expected time allotment may request an extension from the Academic Dean. Such students must produce documentation of progress and propose in writing a time frame and schedule for completion of the requirements. Federal law, however, states that students taking more than 150 percent of time to complete a degree will not be eligible to receive financial aid beyond the 150% of time to completion.
Withdrawing from a Course
To withdraw from a course, the student’s advisor must sign a completed Drop/Add/Withdrawal form. The appropriate department chair must approve the form. A grade of W, WP, or WF must be specified on the form.
- A student can withdraw from any course, for any reason, prior to the end of week 8 of the semester.
- The student must submit a complete Course Withdrawal form signed by his or her advisor. A grade of W, WP, or WF must be specified on the form.
- The approved form must be submitted to the Registrar. The Registrar confirms the withdrawal via email with the student, advisor, professor, and chair.
- Withdrawing from a course during the first four (4) weeks of a semester is considered dropping a course, and no record of the course appears on the student transcript.
- The grade of W appears on the student’s transcript for withdrawals prior to the end of week 8 in the semester, but does not affect the student’s GPA.
- After week 8, any student who withdraws from a course must have either a grade of WP (withdraw-passing), or WF (withdraw-failing) specified on the form, depending on the student’s grade in the course at the time of the withdrawal.
- The grade of WF is the same grade as an F and is factored into the student’s GPA as an F.
- A student can take a WP or WF until the end of the last day of classes in the semester.
- A student in an IP (In Progress) -granting class who chooses to withdraw after the 8th week of the semester will receive only a W on his or her transcript.
- If a student has withdrawn from an IP course that student will not be able to receive the IP option the subsequent time he or she takes the course.
- If a student drops the course during the drop period, this is not considered a withdrawal, and the student will maintain the option to take the class as an IP class.
- Administrative withdrawals (AWs) follow the same schedule as standard withdrawals for assigning grades of W, WP, or WF. AWs should not be issued until the drop period ends.
- A significant difference between an AW and the standard withdrawal is that the course professor initiates the AW, while a standard withdrawal is initiated by the student and advisor. An AW appears as a withdrawal on the transcript.
- Any students enrolled in an IP granting class will receive a grade of W if administratively withdrawn from the course after week 8.
- Students Administratively withdrawn from an IP granting class will not be eligible for the In Progress grade on their subsequent enrollment in the class.
- Administrative withdrawals cannot occur during the last ten days of classes.
- The Registrar will supply the exact dates of the withdrawal period at the beginning of each semester.
- Refer to the guidelines for administrative withdrawals for more information. The Registrar will supply the exact dates of the withdrawal period at the beginning of each semester.
A student may withdraw from the College until 5 p.m. on the last day of classes. Upon withdrawing, a “W” symbol will appear in the grade column on a student’s transcript for all courses still in session on the effective date of withdrawal. Courses that ended before the effective date of the withdrawal will report grades following normal conventions. All courses that have not yet started as of the effective date of the withdrawal will be deleted and no entry will appear on the student’s transcript.
Students who live in a residence hall must check out of the hall within 24 hours after withdrawing.
There are four classifications of withdrawal. They are as follows:
A student who leaves the College without informing the Office of the Dean of Students or the Office of the Academic Dean may be administratively withdrawn from the College after missing 10 consecutive class days.
Students capable of signing the official withdrawal form are expected to do so. If the student is not capable of signing the form, the Dean of Students or Academic Dean may sign on behalf of the student.
Students who are suspended from the College will not be allowed on campus as of the effective date of their suspension without the express, written consent from the Office of the Dean of Students or Office of the Academic Dean. Students who are suspended will be eligible for re-enrollment at a future date and may have specific re-enrollment criteria to be met for re-enrollment to be considered.
Students who are expelled from the College will not be allowed on campus as of the effective date of their expulsion without the express, written consent from the Office of the Dean of Students or Office of the Academic Dean. Students who are expelled from the College will not be readmitted.
Students may be forced to withdraw from the College for inadequate academic performance (e.g., dropping down to one class or being administratively removed from all individual classes), or when the College determines that the student is a possible danger to one’s self or to others or that the student has refused to cooperate with efforts deemed necessary by the College to determine if the student represents such a danger.
A medical withdrawal will be granted in the case of extraordinary circumstances - such as a serious illness or injury - that prevent a student from continuing his or her coursework. This classification covers both physical-health and mental-health difficulties. A student must provide documentation from a qualified professional for a medical withdrawal within 30 days of his or her departure from campus. The College may certify a medical withdrawal without documentation. Clearance from qualified professionals may be required for a student to resume their studies in a later semester.
At any time during the year, a student may withdraw from the College for personal reasons. In consultation with the Dean of Students or the Academic Dean, a student planning to return to Landmark should discuss the requirements for readmission.